Pearl Farming: It is generally said that the best pearls are found in the sea. Those who know a little say that even pearls are planted artificially but it is very difficult. That’s all. But, it is very easy to cultivate pearls artificially, says a farmer from Kasaragod, Kerala. His name is KJ Mathachan .. Age 65 years. He has been cultivating pearls for the past two decades with freshwater mussels (we call oysters) supplied from rivers in the Western Ghats. The mussels he cultivates produce up to 50 buckets of pearls each year. Through these, he earns up to Rs 4.5 lakh every 18 months. In addition, the pearls are exported to Australia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Switzerland.
Mattachan for 21 years ..
Mathachan is a Professor in the Department of Telecommunications. He also worked as a translator in Saudi Arabia. He later worked as a translator in China on behalf of Aranco Oil Company. During this time he learned about the diploma course in pearl cultivation offered by the Department of Fisheries there. It fascinated him. With this he decided to do a diploma. Asked why, he said, “Very few people in India have the knowledge to cultivate these pearls.” So I wondered why I should not try this. ” He immediately quit his job and went to China to do a diploma. After completing a six-month diploma, he returned to Kerala in 1999 to make pearls in his own garden. Has been cultivating pearls ever since.
How much is the investment?
Mattachan started cultivating pearls with just Rs 1.5 lakh. From Maharashtra .. Mussels are collected in fresh water from rivers originating in the Western Ghats. He put them in buckets in his backyard and started cleaning. In exactly 18 months he earned 4.5 lakhs from these pearls. Since then Matachan pearl farming business has flourished. The government then gave permission to train people who wanted to set up their own pearl farming business.
The process of pearl cultivation is as follows.
Let us learn about the process of pearl cultivation in the words of Muthachan. “Pearls are classified into three types. Artificial .. Natural .. Cultured. I have been producing cultured pearls for over 21 years. Freshwater mussels are easily available in India so they are very easy to grow, ”he said.
The mussels obtained from the rivers are gently opened and a pearl nucleus is placed inside. The mussel is then completely submerged in water. Food at a mesh container containing bacteria (at a temperature of 15 to 25 degrees Celsius). Over a period of 18 months, the nucleus forms a pearl sac that collects calcium carbonate from muscle shells. The nucleus is covered with up to 540 layers, resulting in beautiful pearls.
All pearls collected at Matachan Farm are sold to Australia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Switzerland. There is a high demand for pearls harvested here.
Giving training ..
Mattachan pearl farming has been popular for years. As a result, many students from universities around Kerala, as well as from the Karnataka Fisheries Department, visited his Pearl Farm. He also gave several classes.
“If I had continued my career in Saudi Arabia, I would have been like everyone else in my city, but I would have tried something different. At that time, pearl production was an undiscovered sector in India. I’m lucky. Decide to pursue it. It is still developing, ”he says.
Also read: Indian Railways: Good news for train passengers .. No more reservations on those trains .. Since when ..
Sony Xperia Pro-I: Smartphone from Sony with amazing features .. Newest setting for photos with Cinematography Pro mode!
Weight Loss: Have you lost weight suddenly? The reason may be the same .. Be careful immediately!