Match Box: The price of the match has gone up .. the original match .. how is the pocket match made .. | From stones to safety match sticks know about the story of safety matches

Match Box: The price of the match has gone up .. the original match .. how is the pocket match made ..

Match Boxes

Match Box: Got a gas stove that glows when the knob is rotated. The lighters that ignite the switch have arrived. No matter how much modernity has increased .. like ours .. the people who are addicted to smoking are the only ones who survive without leaving their pockets. It has not been easy to transform the process of making fire into a safe match that glows with small friction from the difficulty of lighting a fire with stones. There is so much difficulty behind it. Let’s find out who invented the original match!
Over the centuries, many scientists and merchants together have transformed the matchstick into the sleek, pocket-sized form we see today. Before that there was a time when a match would ignite and explode if touched. The story of the match is as interesting as the story of many other inventions.

Initial attempts

Some evidence suggests that fires have been used in China since the millennium. It is said that the Chinese stored sulfur on pine twigs for burning overnight if necessary. In the early days, sunlight was concentrated by combustible materials, creating fires using igneous rocks (iron rocks), iron, and ore.

In 1669 the Henning brand discovered the element phosphorus. It was the first chemical element to be discovered in modern times. The nature of the burning phosphorus can be easily understood. But the use of phosphorus in matches has been around for a long time. Jean Chancellor, an assistant professor, invented the first self-igniting fire in 1805. Chancellor’s technique is to chemically ignite a mixture of potassium chlorine and sulfur in sulfuric acid. Similarly, inflammation can also be caused by a chemical reaction with sulfuric acid. He began to put white phosphorus on the top of the match. However, their use has not been widespread due to the difficulty in managing the acid and controlling the flames. Moreover, the cost of making these is high.

The secret of the match

In a typical matchbox, potassium chlorate, sulfur and abrasive control agents are added to the glue. Both sides of the match are coated with dust, red phosphorus and corrosion control materials. When the match is rubbed towards the box, some red phosphorus turns into white phosphorus in that heat. The function of these cells is to create the necessary friction.

The mixture of potassium chlorate and sulfur in the furnace is ignited by burning white phosphorus. Potassium chlorate releases the oxygen needed for combustion. It helps to ignite the flame well. Sulfur combustion gives prolonged combustion. Zinc oxide, calcium carbonate, which are on the sides of the shell and box, control the ignition rate. Ammonium phosphate helps to reduce smoke and paraffin wax for easy combustion.

In this way, the match helps to light the candle, stove, lamp without any risk. Aspen, white pine, are lightweight and easy to make into small pieces, used to make matches abroad. Clay is widely used in our country. The match industry in our country is facing a serious challenge for various reasons.

The look and feel of the match has changed over the years. All the discoveries in the field of science are the stories of the work of so many. The kitchen matchbox is no less than that story.

John Walker John Walker Match ..

Attempts have also been made to combine the two combustible chemicals to create flames. The first abrasives were sold in 1826 by the British chemist John Walker. These were glued to the ends of the sulfur coated logs with antimony sulfide and potassium chlorate. Walker introduced a match containing these items at a low price.

There is also parchment paper to wipe the charcoal off the match. The Lucifer matches followed the Walkers Congregation matches. These fires are as dangerous as the name implies. These caused accidents such as sudden fires and burning of clothes. At the time, France and Germany also banned matches. Phosphorus began to be used in matches instead of antimony sulfide in the 1830s. However, these matches had to be kept in metal stainless steel boxes.

White phosphorus is a very reactive substance. Smoke also comes when it is exposed to air. Similarly ignites. This chemical is not easy to tame and burn. As well as the burning smell of sulfur, the smoke was unbearable. To reduce this, experiments were carried out by adding camphor and lightly burning acacia and sodium silicate. Instead of potassium chlorate, lead dioxide was added to make silent fires. The matches of the day were in the form of a comb.

White phosphorus is not only a flammable substance, but also toxic. Many people commit suicide by eating phosphorus in matches. Many women involved in the manufacture of matches have been diagnosed with Fossie Joe’s jaw deformity, brain damage and a life-threatening disease. The famous strike of 1888 brought their situation to the attention of the people. This strengthened the search for alternatives to white phosphorus.
In the early twentieth century, matches containing white phosphorus were banned in almost all countries, including India. Phosphorus began to be used as an alternative to sesquisulfide. This non-flammable chemical is non-toxic. Scratching matches have become very widespread anywhere.

However, the first breakthrough was the discovery that red phosphorus is formed by heating white phosphorus to high temperatures in the absence of air. At the same time, the discovery that chemicals that can react to flammable abrasive surfaces can be replaced has changed the nature of matches.

The first method is to apply potassium chlorate and red phosphorus in two separate batches and mix them. However, they were kept in the same box. This could have led to an unexpected fire.

In 1890, Joshua Pusey of the United States safely replaced the match with a red phosphor on the side of the box. Matchboxes have become one of the safest ‘safety matches’ today. There are currently three types of matches available. Phosphorus sequesulfide, white phosphor coated rubbing matches are not common in our country. But, they are still in use in the United States and elsewhere. Another type is the matchbox that burns for a long time. In addition to their heads, almost three-quarters of them are contaminated with the chemical that helps burn them. Antimony sulfide is also added to burn well. Coat on flammable materials to avoid accidents. Our incense is an example. The third type is the safety match that we use regularly.

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